Portland is an American city that is situated on the Willamette and Columbia rivers in the state of Oregon. It covers an area of one hundred and forty-five miles and has a population of over five hundred and fifty-seven thousand residents. It is known as the most environmentally friendly city in the U.S and the second most in the Western world. This city is the third most populated state in the Pacific Northwest and the most populated city in the state. Portland has invested heavily in its light rail system and is well known for its planning of land usage. The city is also known for the many micro- breweries that are contained within its borders. Weather in the city is marked by dry, warm summers and temperate but rainy winters. This gives the city the ideal climate for the growing of roses, and Portland has been known as the “city of Roses” for more then a hundred years.
The area on which the city of Portland, Oregon is located was well known to English, Canadian and American fur trappers as a rest stop along the bank of the Willamette River used by travelers traveling between Fort Vancouver and Oregon City in the nineteenth century. In 1843, William Overton and Asa Lovejoy filed a six hundred and forty acre land claim with the provincial government of Oregon. By 1845, William Overton had grown weary of clearing trees and constructing roads, so he sold half his claim to Francis W. Pettygrove of Portland, Maine. Pettygrove then decided to name the new settlement Portland, after his hometown. Portland was close to Oregon City, the capitol of the territory. But, the city’s location at the confluence of the two rivers gave Portland an distinct advantage over Oregon City.
Today, Portland is a beautiful tourist attraction with a whole range of attractions to offer its tourists. One of the more popular attractions in the city is the Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum. This aviation museum display a wide array of civilian and military aircraft. The museum was the brainchild of Captain Michael King Smith, who was the son of Evergreen International Aviation founder, Delford Smith. It began witha small collection and was originally known as Evergreen Museum. In 1990, the famous aircraft, “The Spruce Goose” was looking for a new home because Disney was closing its current exhibit in California. In 1992, the Evergreen Museum won the bid and decided to build a museum around the Spruce Goose. The aircraft was then dissassembled and shipped to Portland. Over the course of eight years, the plane went though a meticulous restoration. By 2001, the plane was completed and ready to be shown
in the newly built museum. In 2006, work on the space museum portion of the museum was began. It took two years to complete. Key aircraft located at the museum include a SR-71A Blackbird, F-4 Phantom II, MiG-29, F-15A Eagle, Mercury Space Capsule, Foton-6 Space Capsule, Titan II SLV Space Launch Vehicle, B-17G Flying Fortress, A-4 Skyhawk and the Spruce Goose (a H-4 Hecules).
Another attraction in the city of Portland is the Portland Art Museum. This museum was founded in 1892 and is the seven oldest museum in the United States. Today, its also one of the largest art museums in the country and has over two hundred and forty thousand square feet of exhibit space. In the museum’s permanent collection is over forty-two thousand works of art. The sections of Portland Museum include a center for Northwest art, for Native American art, Asian art and contemporary art. There is also an outdoor sculpture garden. Some of the works that are in its collection include ”Water Lilies by Claude Monet”, ”The Ox-Cart by Vincent van Gogh”, ”The Prince Patutszky Red by Jules Olitski” and ”River at Lavacourt by Claude Monet”.
The Oregon Historical Society Museum is another prominent museum located in the city of Portland, Oregon. This museum was founded at the turn of the nineteen century and was originally just a small museum located in the Portland City Hall. Over the course of its history, it has since been moved several times, with the last move taking place in 1966, putting the museum at its current location. In 2002, the museum was remodeled at an estimated cost of three million dollars. The Oregon Historical Society Museum has over eighty-five thousand artifacts that relate to the history of Oregon. Permanent exhibitions located here include Oregon Art, Oregon My Oregon, Bulldog of the Navy and Battleship Oregon. Portland Children’s Museum is another attraction for the entire family. It was founded in 1949 and is the sixth oldest children’s museum in the world. It covers an area of fifty thousand square feet and over two hundred and fifty thousand people come through its doors every year. Exhibits that are located here include The Adventures of Clifford The Big Red Dog, Water Works, Wonder Corner, Building Bridgetown, The Dorothea Lensch Play It Again Theater, Grasshopper Grocery & Butterfly Bistro and The Baby’s Garden.
Other popular attractions in the city of Portland include the 3D Center of Art and Photography, Oregon Zoo , World Forestry Center, Pittock Mansion, Blue Sky Gallery, Oregon Jewish Museum, Oregon Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Hoyt Arboretum, Oregon Korean War Memorial, Oregon Maritime Museum, Oregon Museum of Science and Industry, Oregon Nikkei Legacy Center, Berry Botanic Garden, Portland Institute for Contemporary Art, Wells Fargo History Museum, Washington County Museum, Velveteria Museum of Velvet Paintings, Rice Northwest Museum of Rocks and Minerals, Portland Japanese Garden, Crystal Springs Rhododendron Garden, Columbia Edgewater Country Club, International Rose Test Garden, Portland Classical Chinese Garden, Oaks Amusement Park, Bishop’s Close, Penninsula Park Rose Garden, Vacuum Museum, Portland Police Museum, Oregon Museum of Science and Industry, USS Blueback Naval Sub Tour, Museum of Contemporary Craft, Northwest Film Center, Mt. Hood Jazz Festival, Portland Rose Festival, Oregon International Airshow, Powell’s City of Books, Portland Saturday Market and Portland Farmers Market.