Links to other related sites
Visit our linking partners below (please report any abuse to email):

At this moment, I know entire well that simply just sporting a pair of glasses does not a nerd make - nevertheless I'm going to overlook that fact now and pretend that Britney here, from I Heart Women, is truly an undercover geek& because the woman looks so good inside her alluring glasses and highschool girl outfit that I sense it'd be nearly criminal if I DIDN'T share these shots with you gentlemen! Apparently, 3D Love-making Community chose to mixture things up a bit, so instead of the normal glamour-style poses we usually look at virtual girls doing, they've created a gallery of a gorgeous, buxom dark colored hottie doing yoga in what I assume is supposed being the desert (at the least, it is precisely what the background reminds me of). .Candy Manson, Amy Reid, Carmel Moore, Lannie Barbie& Julian gets all the hottest women, so click the banner below to browse their profiles & claim a trial membership to observe the full-lenth video lessons & snapshots of these gorgeous women getting worked hard! There s several bonus gals on there like click here for Jav HD and XOXO leah, nevertheless a bulk is material I ve in no way seen prior to. I'm only glad that he (or the girl, I don't know) has chose to share their knowledge and expertise with us through the creation of super-hot 3D chicks exactly like it! These would be the hottest, most exotic Russian gals you'll locate on the web, so if that's some thing that gets you off - click the banner below! Raven Riley opens her Christmas presents early - lucky for that world's lovers of girls with love-making toys!
Definitely, I know myself and what I wish to do, however I'm very little for receiving ache, and erotic humiliation could be entirely intolerable. Look at a lady do herself with clitoral stimulators or vibrators, licking and fingering an additional sexy pornstar's kitty, fondling on a lucky guy's challenging dick and boning your partner's brains out. Nearly all of the performers appear to become young or coed women and none of them looked all that familiar, that's a attractive deviation from observing sex star once porn starlet obtaining a dripping cum dripping. If you feel the same as me, you need to go visit the Dane Jones website. No matter if you prefer the high-caliber artists on Porn star Squirt or the enjoyable and abandon from Slutty Squirters, you'll come across loads of ejaculating video lessons worth raising a glass to. In over 70 photograph sets and about 55 video clips, they puff like a chimney actually whilst getting pounded like a sex starlet. If you're nonetheless inside the mood for a number of attractive older cunt once visiting the multiple websites mentioned above, you should go visit Lovely Matures.
Wolfe pulled her hands from my soaking moisten pussy and stuck them in her mouth. The woman leaned in and gave me a deep make out. That is what I was in search of. your woman whispered. Happy Banging! We each went inside the bathtub and fooled around far more. I went to bed satisfied having a slightly sore snatch. It was the very good kind of sore. Once I woke up this morning, the light was hitting the mirror just appropriate. The mirror showed smudges from where my body was pressed up against it. There was also a little dried cum that leaked all the way down the mirror's surface. Pleased Humping! Its a difficult reality but once the unwritten rules are already breeched it has to end. If you can't decide whether you like to watch Ebony babes get fucked by white cocks or blonde babes get stuffed with black cocks, then you should head over to Sexually Broken where you can see both. I've been assuming that Wolfe could be the very same Skip Wolfe from Love inside the Capitol. The woman occasionally refers to a friend named Slut and also a lot of other things appear to add up. I guess this weblog clearly states that the Slut has no plan or desire to have a long-term relationship, at a minimum for your subsequent ten years. Being teens, they'd be sad, however a smirk also once the sadness wore off.
Sixty nine movies I'm running this Sixty nine video tutorials weblog and update it with hard core sexual intercourse movies and photographs. At click here for Cum On Wives, you will come across alluring babes putting both by way of the paces and producing confident they every get the preparation they require being the very best at what they do. I collect most hard core scenes and my most favorites are - sixty nine sexual activities position video tutorials.
This year I have noticed that you readers out there have enjoyed the crazy dyke adult porn video clips with attractive women using adult sexual activities toys! A couple of super appealing school models got undressed during a competitive flip mug game before performing a tiny dyke screwing on both! Allie adores to self please, lick prick, screw her boyfriend, your woman enjoys dyke sexual intercourse and outrageous swinger gang bangs! click here for AmourAngels goes a great deal further than Tom the peeper ever did and I am glad it does. Tan Major Juggs Boss Mariah can't remember the last time your sweetheart got laid so your sweetheart began to jack off her tight kitty inside her office walls. At Gf Revenge you might exclusively locate 100% amateurish ex girlfriends posing undressed, licking meat rod, stimulating genitals and finding banged in amateurish homemade revenge vids! Mother I'd Like to Fuck Hunter Charlee Chase could be the initial reality pornography video clip from the tremendous boob, blonde mother i'd like to fuck that takes pleasure in rubbing penis and finding her tight mother i'd like to fuck kitty screwed.
Karina Hart with excellent tits Karina proves that the girl doesn't always have to have dressed in fuck-me pumps and slutty underwear to arouse hard-ons. Giant tits of Arianna Sinn In case you saw Arianna on the block, and had never ever observed her on the net or in a magazine, would you guess that the girl sucked and screwed for thousands to observe all about the entire world? Look at several of their finest xxx galleries on thin fresh weblog. http://bigboobedslut.two.sensualwriter.com/ in Boobs on 2011-03-06. monstrous rounded tits Good sized rounded breasts weblog has one-way links to video clip and photo porn galleries of attractive captivating models with grand natural tits. click here for Ivy Snow has began updating again because our last go to, however they may be doing so just about every multiple weeks. So in case you take pleasure in seeing major jugg women acquiring screwed as their sizeable natural tits bounce this is actually the spot for you. http://hugeroundboobs.sensualwriter.com/ in Titties on 2011-03-05. Buxom Amateurish women from Europe Enormous and Buxom Amateurish models from Europe - wives with major boobies, immense juggs, mammoth juggs from fresh czech hairstyle stylist. http://bustyamateurs.thumblogger.com/ in Furry on 2006-08-23. Cassandra may be a brown haired girl who's hunger for fuck is actually bigger than her tits.
Do you like sexy gals who only adores raw booty sexual intercourse much more than something on this globe? Japan Ass Are you currently fan of great and pretty japan ladies with attractive petite body? Miniature Young adult Rectal 1080p Total HD Movies Keep an eye on as they've their pink tiny rosebuds extended and opened up into gaping wide booties. Nevertheless, you also have permission to access bonus cam babes, 10 third-party webpages and 3 friend's video galleries, exhibiting the likes of Sunny, Kinky Allie and Haze Her. Younger guy gets deep booty penetration having a strapon vibrator fuck toy Join these constantly wanting dyke sexers who spread their damp slits for massive strapon adult toy vibrators that dig their cunts lengthy and deeply therefore bringing them to the best of love-making joys and creating them come over and over once again. Queer Love-making Feeds Attractive homosexual sexual activities video clip feeds - homosexual movie flick clips and images with desirable homosexual boys jack off, queer ass sexual activities, homosexual dick sucking, enormous homosexual cocks with giant loads of ejaculate and much more. Queer Adult Weblog On the subject of hard core material all the way down and filthy queer filth, this is basically the exclusively bookmark you will ever want - our weblog covers homosexual ass and oral fuck, at the same time as queer gangbangs.
I was at this moment a beast created to serve to pull my Master's cart, lick the man's fuck pole, swish my tail. I got great satisfaction in the man's gasp once i laid the man back on the desk and got your boyfriend's dick in my throat. Her nips spring to attention as your lady shudders in masochistic arousal, and then I slap her with my fuck tool, as well, rubbing the boy against her amazing head, smearing my lubricant accross her lips like obscene lip-gloss. There is really a bit to look at here at videos of VIPissy with more than 560 video clips and 1280 image art galleries obtainable so far, and original video clip and image updates coming every week. Imagine a gorgeous arch and sensitive sole caressing your dick until these soft tootsies are covered in sticky sperm. And for some other, a number of women have clearly handled a fuck tool at the very least once before, no matter how close to their 18th birthdays they might be. Each set is high-res with astonishing nimph on meat rod, bitch on dirty whore and smooth solo process to choose from.
I nonetheless desire to stay inside the park and lick far more fuck pole, eat delicious wide creamy loads, and hopefully meet a guy having a feet of dick to shove deep up my booty subsequent. grannybet.com I've by no means been a member, as I do not like lesbianism, yet I read a comment here that they may be splitting their product into 3 web sites. I heard a little something, somebody was observing me from somewhere, I hope it certainly is not someone's kid and then they tell their parents and the cops may possibly come up here and arrest my rear end again.
The girl spreads your partner's rear end and goes suitable from licking the man's testicles all the way down to your boyfriend's butt. You'll be able to have the sugary taste of the lube to ease you into the licking and so the juicy taste of rear end will naturally finds its way by way of. I actually think a few persons saw my snatch, I'm sorry small kiddies, nonetheless I aren't able to pull my skirting all the way down or it will come correct off of my fine shag any person rear end. Raw 18OnlyGirls brings you these arousing vids of how they get all the way down and dirty around the grass to fulfill their lustful urges. I came incredibly close to screaming, yet in all my life, no matter how considerably ache was in my butt, I've never ever screamed! I was taken residence to have a number of improved clothes, a thing to virtually cover my boobs and bum a bit. 1 guy was feeling my rear end as I walked correct past that person, he was handsome, as well poor he exclusively likes prick, I'd have loved to shag that guy in any case.
The material includes few niches, like mixed race screwing, facial cumshots, creampies, sex in a group and a lot of black kitty. Even though updates are becoming added weekly, that's wonderful, do not forget to take a look at the 26 bonus internet pages, specifically when you like other kinds of adult porn like gigantic juggs, MILFs and a few mixed race activity. More or less each and every episode capabilities inter-racial process and you'll find a lot of young Nubians acquiring nailed in their nether regions. You wouldn't be as well off the mark, in any case when it comes to the arousing women on Shemale Japan. Viewing spectacular gals receiving frisky with oneself is definitely a turn on for a lot of boys specially when they begin going all the way down on both in amazing sixty nine lesbo licking. This weblog is focused on all those a few alluring lesbo girls because it's all Concerning Females Adore. Maybe I need a tiny dyke seduction scenario of my own, kind of such as the ones on No Mans Playland.
This latin stud repeatidly takes giant meat rod up the booty like a champion. the last entry the guy is giant thats accurate, nonetheless he simply looks a tiny old. I are not able to say that I'm as well significantly of a fan of Asian My Bro's GF artwork nevertheless I do not mind leafing through this or that Porn book each when in a although. The film showcases lots of heart and prick throbbing "firsts" inside the market including Harry Louis' premiere bottoming scenario.
An incredible facial skin plus a wonderful body mean more than a large meat rod, and this person is so sexy and he's getting used only as a bottom so why does he need a tremendous cock? Fatty Pub Overview summary: Dark Ice Pass may be the online home of Dark Ice studios, which produces beautiful black adult porn and mixed race porno titles. "With your boyfriend's handsome Italian head, 27" legs, extensive shoulders, and massive penis, Vince is 220 lbs. of explosive Superstar TNT." Fans won't have to wait lengthy to look at Vince's next movie flick; he's slated to appear with Beautiful House Exclusive Ross Hurston in Skuff 4, Sexy House's award-winning leather series.
I disagree withIs though; this boys is sexy and your boyfriend's tiny penis is fabulous since he's a bottom. You will find nine solo model genital masturbation flicks, a pair of BBW Bet videos, 23 titles with hunky bears, 33 leather and 12 teenager films only to provide you with an concept. He could be the 1st Eastern European guy I have ever seen who knows how to lick a fuck tool!
You know the earth is going ridiculous once the best rapper is white, the best golfer is dark, the tallest guy inside the NBA is Oriental, France is accusing the U.S. of arrogance, Germany doesn't want to go to war, and the three most powerful males in America are named Bush, Penis, and Colon.. click here for Fatty Game shows off her sugary and tasty nips Lia 19 shows off her delicious and tasty nips. The film you'll be able to view huge meat rod porno superstar Chad Hunt in your partner's ultimate performance (before this man's comback, I guess, since your boyfriend's co-star Trevor Knight used to announce this man's retirement as well) and bottoming debut.
The enormity of Jake's fuck tool jammed straight down this man's throat makes Josh gag, nonetheless that is not sufficient. +Fast Server +High High quality Cam Feed -Can't choose which hottie you would like to speak to -No MeetMySweet 1 on 1 chat -No past movie archive downloads -No photograph free galleries -Confusing navigation -Expensive. He follows that up by ramming your boyfriend's engorged fuck tool high up inside the man's buddy's juiced-up hole and fucks your guy even though Jake busily strokes himself.
Do not you only really like the sense of my satin gloves on your fuck pole as I jack off it towards the point exactly where you simply need to shoot your ejaculate across them?Do you need to keep an eye on my jutting juggs sway and my Titanic brown nips request your attention as I carefully stroke you. http://stickyhole.thumblogger.com/ in Hard core on 2009-05-23. Gigs of most-own adult porn video lessons Immense assed nurse with delicious pierced nips has her eager muff dicked poor. Simply pure breathtaking real-life gothic babes with stockings,leather or simply exposed, exhibiting off their tatooed bodys and pierced nips. http://www.supremegothicgirls.com in Gothic on 2007-01-08. If that's true, then the gals of click here for CollegeRules have hit their peak and are on the way straight down another aspect of the mountain. Large Breast Latinas - Hottest latina maids Hottest latina teenager performers with huge breasts and captivating puffy nips. Males in Agony MenInPain.com gives you the hottest in Female domination pornography and we've gathered all of the best gratis episodes on our blog with the most worthless fellas being abused by submissive dominatrixes. These agony hoes are walking along the longest and the hardest road to delight - the road that lies through ache.
Wouldn't mind being in the middle of these a pair of :P Ava and Jelena go lesbian at Major Boobies . And before I forget also view her lesbo scenes at Powermunch they are out of this world! And I also filtered out the lesbian ones (a friendly kiss and lick?or touch doesn't necessarily count) in anticipation?of?the dyke special I am going to deliver you next week! I don't know what kind of porn you enjoy watching, but I have always been a fan of masturbation sites like Oldje that show hot babes finger fucking their tantalizing twats. However I did find her searching seductive inside the sleeping quarters of Twistys and the lady also enjoys the 'company' of other chicks as you may look at at the lesbian blog Powermuch 01 02. Underwear shop owner Jamie is seduced with with a pack of dollar bills to show a few skin and self please in front from the web cam. She's both is addicted to cigarettes certainly bad or the sexual intercourse purely sucks lmao. as your lady keeps on smoking even though becoming screwed from behind :) The rare Ellen masturbating on the couch.
Inter-racial Breeding White bitches on a mission to locate as loads of Dark colored dicks and sperm to fill their fertile pussies with as considerably potent seed as probable in an effort to obtain knocked-up and have a half-Black baby. You are supposed to have college girls plus a loyalty system, which provides you additional internet pages to loyal members over the time. They express their nasty desires and have them fulfilled straight away.
Huge Dick - Bitches Enjoying Enormous Dark Cocks These white hoes really like massive dark fuck tool and they may be having a number of of the greatest cocks ever on this original inter-racial porno weblog. It's often there and we wait for the day when it will not be anymore, so we can be impressed with the mystery sweetheart who would even think about taking on a dong that sizeable.?On female ejaculation, you'll be able to see babes stretching their openings towards the max with the assortment of vibrators that size and larger! Mixed race Dick sucking My Inter-racial Deep throat weblog concerning mixed race great adult porn, great mixed race blow jobs, inter-racial group fuck.
Every thing from tasteful topless and semi-nude photograph picture galleries of classy and captivating adult gals to full-on hard core material muff pounding and slobbering Mother I'd Like to Fuck blowjobs- there is some thing for everyone and everyone MUST observe it! http://hotsexymilfs.sensualwriter.com/ in Mother I'd Like to Fuck on 2009-06-07. Originally Put up by turboshaft: My Friends Hot Mom had/has a series named Golden Ladies however the title is in reference to peeing not the senior sitcom TV series, which I guess is probably good news to a number of however also probably a turnoff for others. This blog is periodically Changed so be certain to ejaculate back for more MILFs craving large penises. http://milfpornovideos.thumblogger.com/ in Mother I'd Like to Fuck on 2009-06-04.
Although we're each white, we like mixed race porno, we much like the contrast, the muscular stereo kind. Ein neuer Ausdruck wurde gepr?gt und viele Generationen sp?ter lebt diese Tradition bei met art weiter, allerdings spritzen und pissen hier die M?nner. Inter-racial Milfs Attractive suburban mommies who crave huge dark penises get it on with incredibly nicely hung dark dudes who lust for their milfy white twats.
On this blog you could look at high quality video tutorials from my favourite point of view internet pages, so if you like point-of-view vids, then you should not miss out this blog. http://pov-milf.thumblogger.com/ in Mother I'd Like to Fuck on 2009-05-19. Tour Guarantees: College Fuck Fest.de assures facesitting and smothering femdoms, much more than 120 stars, over 9GB of images and online videos, TV-size top quality video clips. 50 Plus MILFs These gorgeous milfs are older and more experienced than average 30-something mother i'd like to fuck mother.
Mother I'd Like to Fuck Uploads - The hottest amateurish mother i'd like to fuck and adult girls images and vids Shots and Movies of the hottest user submitted mother i'd like to fuck, adult and housewifes. If you consider into account all the bonus internet pages there is certainly a lot off stuff to obtain through for your 30 bucks even though being a image fan I didn?t certainly find anything that matched the quality of the shoots right here in I Spy Camel Toe inside the bonus internet websites. These girls upload their photographs and movie clips to have paid so they can pay their expenses and quite a few are simply just straight desperate for income. http://milfuploads.sensualwriter.com in Mother I'd Like to Fuck on 2009-06-01. meeting married girls Female such as these need to acquire pleased They know it's wrong yet do not give a damn anymore.
These kinky gals get their curvy white bodies filled with tremendous dark colored fuck tool and enjoy it. list makes a number of impressive boasts suitable off the bat, and if it was anyone nevertheless Grooby Productions I'd probably disregard them. Dark Fellas Boning White Gals This weblog is an exclusive inter-racial internet site exhibiting arousing white hoes packed entire with giant dark penises in their mouths, kitty and booty!
Exhibiting porn stars, aspiring porn performers and amateurs, we cover every thing from sexual activities parties to outdoor fuck, dogging and inter-racial pornographic material. Most with the?webpages have wet t-shirt, nevertheless a number of perform down and dirty, others do solo and others are into dyke acts. Observing My Mom Go Dark colored Mixed race Weblog Observing My Mom Go Dark Mixed race weblog - it is quite a few beautiful shagging experienced ladies (like Janet Mason and Joclyn Stone) caressing very large penises of dark colored dudes.
Blackzilla Boning White Trash Monstrous dark colored dicks nailing kitty and tight assholes of slutty white babes, observe these naughty bitches rubbing these tremendous dark rods tough prior to riding them up their moisten hot cracks. View as the models of vintage porn prowl around the United States on the lookout for the subsequent huge man sex starlet. Katie Thomas Dark colored Penis Nasty slut Katie thomas teenager dark colored fuck tool whore and minor sister to infamous bcs and teen white bitch spring thomas in amazing mixed race film movie clips and pictures.
Ruth Blackwell Dark colored Meat rod Nimph Mixed race bcs ruth blackwell converting amazing women into bad dark meat rod whores and opening their questioning eyes to the entire world of the black schlong. individual is certainly a webpage to take a look at if you have a thing for older ladies. Mixed race Chicas This web-site is an mixed race weblog presenting enormous amounts of latina, white, japanese, dark colored bitches, banging fellas and various other gals.
Inter-racial Fuck Weblog Great dark and white couples obtaining into quite a few attractive mixed race process.These white chicks have went dark and they may be undoubtedly not going back. squirting hits the mark on all counts, with superior top quality online video, sweet straight amateurs, and the gorgeous angles to create every jerk off lover cream their shorts. Mixed race Pornography Insanity We're all insane regarding pornographic material, at Inter-racial Porno Insanity we only admit it and bring you a great deal of hand picked art galleries each and every single day!
Amazing Mixed race Adult porn This Amazing Mixed race Pornography Weblog is entire of down and dirty love-making activity which may be distinctive to mixed race banging. ass licking When you enter this website , it's simple to navigate having a simple design for finding what you would like to observe. India Shag - Mixed race Indian Porno Desirable females from India in mixed race porno and hardcore porn sexual intercourse video lessons.
Mixed race Screwing Weblog We here in the Inter-racial Screwing Weblog have produced an array of mixed race porno that would make Larry Flint excited. puffy nipples assures to deliver attractive, sexual, natural knocker women in hot down and dirty activity.The images and on-line video clips you may look at on the tour absolutely appear to add weight to that promise. We want to observe alluring mocha hotties with white dudes and dark brothers with white whores and don't forget regarding the Asians and Latina's as well.
At Mixed race Love-making Weblog we provide you with every day updates exhibiting Black and Ivory skin in alluring beautiful activity, each shots and video clips. little April proves that simply since a website falls in a specific niche category doesn't seem to mean it has to suck. In case you like sugary talking British chicks in attractive Mixed race activity then this is basically the weblog for you.
Shane Diesel BlackZilla This weblog may be a tribute to well-known afroamerican man adult material actor Shane Diesel BlackZilla. P fucking machines Right here is the spot where desirable sportish babes with giant breasts get together and play difficult . We also have quite a few dark wives with white boys and dark and white lesbo product, however for that most portion, it is simply just white females and dark colored gentlemen.
You are going to never ever get to look at tight cunts acquiring pounded by a 15 inches dark penis in every other web site . nude male celebrities exhibits you how the lady asks her to bend more than and see her firm bum. Mixed race Sexual intercourse Weblog Kinky white, latina and chinese women desire to get their gaps extended by titanic dark dongs.
Throat , cunt and bum . each and every fuck hole they've will they use to fulfill their inter-racial fuck dream !!! Whore Mobile is an additional reality web-site, similar to my first sex teacher There are 25 episodes so far, each and every 1 is 30-40 minutes lengthy. While I hear this word the firs factor comes in my mind is that your dark colored dude fucks a white girlfriend , you bet it is that yet no exclusively that , you may all sorts of folks banging like ridiculous.
Mixed race Screwing Vids Pure inter-racial sexual activity taboo, cost-free dark colored enormous fuck pole adult material vids, dogfart specializes in large dark colored pricks. You may well not look at a lot college fuck fest material at that price (though they simply began releasing Vivid Material being a "Premium" channel) the updates are pathetic and searching is impossible (nearly all web links in scene descriptions return 0 results). Having a minor coaxing, the woman exclusively realized that the lady really enjoyed your partner's white penis and chose to lick that mother fucker once more and man did the lady lick and screw this man's brains out.
Abominable Dark colored Person Appealing mixed race weblog that posts photos and videos of white wives finding intimate with dark colored guys. There are tons of bonus reality internet websites available within your membership that update simply as frequently as big clits in quite a few several niches. Inter-racial Boning dark colored pricks and white females waiting then get screwed with enormous dark colored penises, all inter-racial boning movie clips and photographs simply just for you, hottest sexual activity scenes you'll ever noticed, revised everyday with pictures and videos.
Status OK.
This site is using "Link Partners GT Lite".
A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies primarily on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively low number of servers. P2P networks are typically used for connecting nodes via largely ad hoc connections. Such networks are useful for many purposes. Sharing content files (see file sharing) containing audio, video, data or anything in digital format is very common, and realtime data, such as telephony traffic, is also passed using P2P technology..

A pure peer-to-peer network does not have the notion of clients or servers, but only equal peer nodes that simultaneously function as both "clients" and "servers" to the other nodes on the network. This model of network arrangement differs from the client-server model where communication is usually to and from a central server. A typical example for a non peer-to-peer file transfer is an FTP server where the client and server programs are quite distinct, and the clients initiate the download/uploads and the servers react to and satisfy these requests.

Some networks and channels, such as Napster, OpenNAP, or IRC @find, use a client-server structure for some tasks (e.g., searching) and a peer-to-peer structure for others. Networks such as Gnutella or Freenet use a peer-to-peer structure for all purposes, and are sometimes referred to as true peer-to-peer networks, although Gnutella is greatly facilitated by directory servers that inform peers of the network addresses of other peers.

Peer-to-peer architecture embodies one of the key technical concepts of the internet, described in the first internet Request for Comments, "RFC 1, Host Software" [1] dated 7 April 1969. More recently, the concept has achieved recognition in the general public in the context of the absence of central indexing servers in architectures used for exchanging multimedia files.

The concept of peer to peer is increasingly evolving to an expanded usage as the relational dynamic active in distributed networks, i.e. not just computer to computer, but human to human. Yochai Benkler has developed the notion of commons-based peer production to denote collaborative projects such as free software. Associated with peer production are the concept of peer governance (referring to the manner in which peer production projects are managed) and peer property (referring to the new type of licenses which recognize individual authorship but not exclusive property rights, such as the GNU General Public License and the Creative Commons License).

---------------------------------------------------------------------


Three Generations of P2P
Traditional Definition of Peer-to-Peer Networks

" A type of network in which each workstation has equivalent capabilities and responsibilities. This differs from client/server architectures, in which some computers are dedicated to serving the others." (Source: Webopedia)

A peer-to-peer network may be as simple as two computers at home sharing a printer, or as complex as thousands of computers exchanging millions of files through Internet P2P software.

Popular Internet P2P file-sharing has evolved through three generations, to the form it exists as today:

1st Generation

Initially, P2P networks relied on a central directory of files available for download. The United States courts eventually ruled that the company or individual controlling such a list would be liable for any illegal activities that might occur because of this information, including copyright violations. This resulted in the closure of the original Napster.

2nd Generation

The P2P networks that followed in Napster’s wake (e.g. Gnutella and Kazaa) made use of decentralized file lists. This arrangement is still open to potential copyright abuse because of technical limitations that prevent P2P networks from filtering out copyrighted content.

3rd Generation

Current P2P file-sharing networks are built upon optimized versions of the previous P2P generations, retaining or incorporating the features that made such networks reliable and efficient. There are 2 types of current generation P2P networks:

Friend-to-friend (e.g. Metanet, WASTE, MUTE)

The network is defined by degrees of familiarity or relationships between users. Users depend on the endorsement of other users for access to files.

Anonymous (e.g. GNUnet, Entropy, Freenet)

Much like the first and second generations of P2P networks, file-sharing is primarily based on the availability of files.

October 25, 2014